If you don’t know, now you know: CHP Facts (10 photos)
The CHP badge is a seven-point gold star with the California state seal in the middle, and a ribbon denoting rank at the bottom. The star points have oak leaves in them, and are made of 14k gold-filled brass. Each point represents the qualities CHP officers embody as part of their code of honor:
– Character: The qualities of moral strength, vigor, and stability.
– Integrity: The moral defense against corrupting influence.
– Knowledge: Acquaintance with facts and laws, combined with the awareness and understanding that sustain an officer through daily duties.
– Judgement: The ability to apply knowledge to the best advantage of all concerned.
– Honor: Highest esteem for the principles upon which the CHP has been built.
– Loyalty: Faithfulness to the precepts of the Highway Patrol and to fellow officers.
– Courtesy: Respect for law and order and for the individual.
The California Highway Patrol was formed August 14, 1929. The primary mission of the CHP is “the management and regulation of traffic to achieve safe, lawful, ad efficient use of the highway transport system.” The secondary mission of the Department is assisting in emergencies exceeding local capabilities, as well as providing disaster and lifesaving assistance.
The California State Legislature originally established the CHP as a branch of the DMV, but following World War II it was reestablished as a separate department by Gov. Earl Warren in 1947.
The CHP has been headquartered out of Sacramento since its inception. In 1930, the Officers CHP academy was established at Mather Field near Sacramento to train Inspectors, Captains, an Traffic Officers. The academy was moved under the grandstands at the Sacramento State Fairgrounds to present a rugged endurance and survival test for cadets, as the grandstand leaked in the rain and held little to no heat… Today, cadets complete 1,100 hours of training during a 27-week program. Cadets receive instruction in Emergency Medical Response, Emergency Vehicle Operations, Motorcycle Enforcement Training, Weapons Training, Traffic Accident Reconstruction, Commercial Enforcement, and Tactical Riot Training.
CHP has an air unit consisting of 31 aircraft – The AS350 helicopter is pictured above.
The CHP is the largest state police agency in the United States, boasting over 7,200 officers and 10,500 total employees.
CHP Merged with the California State Police in 1995.
CHP officers act as bailiffs for the California Supreme Court and California Court of Appeal, as well as security at State of California buildings.
When the California Highway Patrol was establishing their name, they asked for consent from the American Automobile Association (AAA). At that time, AAA had been using trucks to patrol roads and assist members which read “Highway Patrol” on the sides. Consent was granted, and the rest, as they say, is history.
CHP boasts a Mexico Liaison Unit, which is a Boarder Division Unit based in San Diego. As CHP has no jurisdiction in Mexico, MLU officers work closely with Mexican authorities to recover stolen vehicles and assist with other law enforcement issues. The unit was originally founded in 1958 and only consisted of one officer.